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The Ancient Gallae
Information and Opinions about the ancient Gallae of Rome
Keys and Cybele 
17th-Mar-2006 06:21 pm
I'm at Gallae Central House in New York State right now, and I've been doing research on possible symbols to represent Cybele and the Gallae. Now I know that in the past I'd read (somewhere) a (book) reference that the Key was a symbol of Cybele. Do you think I could it. I decided to do a quick google search. This is what I found (my comments in [bold]:

Pagan Christianity Today Part 3
Cybele, Latin name of the goddess native to Phrygia in Asia Minor and known to the Greeks as Rhea, the wife of the Titan Cronus and mother of the Olympian gods. Cybele was the goddess of nature, fertility, and of fortifications, who was worshipped in Rome as the Great Mother of the Gods. She bore a key like Janus, which opened the gates of the invisible world.

Keys: Religious Study Guide
In Greek mythology Cybele holds the key to Earth, shutting her up in winter and opening her again in the spring. Similarly, Janus opens the door of the sky and releases the dawn.

The Keys to the Kingdom
Subtitle: Peter is the most important figure in Roman Catholicism because the Vatican claims unbroken succession in Popes, with Peter as the first Pope. Research proves this cannot be true, plus we demonstrate that Catholicism simply teaches ancient Paganism with Christian names.

[Christian fundy rant about use pagan symbols. However, it sums up a whole collection of references to Cybele bearing a Key]

Peter and the Keys
The keys that the Pope bore were the keys of a "Peter" well known to the Pagans initiated in the Chaldean Mysteries...The priest who explained the Mysteries...was "Peter"--i.e., "the interpreter"...Thus we may see how the keys of Janus and Cybele would come to be known as the keys of Peter the "interpreter" of the Mysteries...

The term Cardinal is derived from Cardo, a hinge. Janus, whose key the Pope bears, was the god of doors and hinges...

* It was only in the second century before the Christian era that the worship of Cybele under that name, was introduced to Rome; but the same goddess, under the name of Cardea, with the "power of the key," was worshipped in Rome, along with Janus, ages before.

(Hislop A. The Two Babylons. Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune (NJ) 1959; first published 1853; pp. 206-207,208,210).
[The above referenced book seems to be the origin of this belief. But, can reference to the key be traced elsewhere or further back. MOst chritian pages just use this quote straight.]

Why I left the Catholic Church
By 378 A.D., this church was already talking about the bishop of Rome holding the power of the keys, making him Pontiff.

What was this power of the keys? We see the keys on the sleeves of His Holiness robes. The greek dieties, Janus and Cybele each bore a key4, according

to Tooke's Pantheon [p.153]:

It was these two gods (Janus and Cybele) that had the power of heaven and earth.5

The pagan Roman priesthood (before the birth of Jesus Christ) had a sovereign pontiff who held the keys. The goddess Cybele was also worshipped as Cardea, and the college of Cardinals was named for her.
[This time around, we have a further reference, to Tooke's Pantheon of the Heathen Gods and Illustrious Heroes 1851. According to Rarebooks.info this was "an English translation of Pomey's Pantheum Mythicum", which according to Mysteriously Meant was "...cleared for publication by the provincial of Lyons in April, 16X8, was published in the succeeding year. The Pantheum mythicum became the mythological handbook of the following two centuries. The famous classical scholar Samuel Petiscus, engaged by the publisher to correct the sixth edition, advises the “Friendly Reader” that this book, deriving from Boccaccio, Giraldi, and Conti, was invaluable in the classical instruction of “studious youths.” Translated into English in 1698 by Andrew Tooke, who was silent about the author of the original, it became known as Tooke’s Pantheon of the Heathen Gods and Illustrious Heroes and was reprinted twenty-three times by 1771. It was published as “adapted for the use of students of every age and either sex” in America as late as 1859."]

Some Roman Keys

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